Volume 5, Issue 1

Fungi associated with oil loss in shelledcotton (Gossypium hirsutum) L. seeds stored at ambient temperature

A survey of the fungal flora of shelled cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) seeds stored at ambient temperature and how it affects the oil content was carried out using cotton seeds obtained from some local markets in Benin City, Nigeria. Three fungi (Rhizopus spp.; Aspergillus tarmarii and Candida spp.) were isolated from the seeds. Oil loss increased with storage. Rhizopus-inoculated seeds and uninoculated ones were almost equally affected. Oil loss in seeds inoculated concurrently with the three fungi did not differ significantly from the control.


Modulatory influence of certain dietary supplements on the toxic effects of arsenite in rabbits

The modulatory effects of three dietary supplements, honey, garlic (Allium sativum L.) and bitter kola (Garcinia kola seed) on sodium arsenite-induced toxicity were evaluated in rabbits. The experimental animals were fed 100 mg/kg body weight each of honey (Ho) and aqueous extracts of garlic (Ga) and bitter kola (Bi) either alone or in combination for five weeks. Sodium arsenite (2.5 mg/kg body weight) was fed at the beginning of the third week while feeding with the dietary supplements continued throughout the period of the experiment. Control rabbits were given distilled water.


Wastewater aquaculture as a form of environmental pollution control in Nigerian cities

In most cities in Nigeria, Industrial and Domestic effluents are discharged indiscriminately into the environment. In city slums, the usual practice is for people to live side by side with the waste they produce (both liquid and soilid waste) thereby leaving them at the mercy of diseases. In highbrow areas of cities, wastes may be properly drained but channeled into streams, rivers and lakes with the resultant damage to aquatic flora and fauna. Industrial effluents are usually of channeled into water bodies and the cost in terms of fish kills is enormous.


Thread blight disease of tea [Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze] caused by Marasmius pulcher (Berk & Br.) Petch in South Western Nigeria

The causal organism(s), and percentage infection of thread blight disease observed on some tea stands established in 1985 at the Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria (CRIN), Ibadan, experimental plot was investigated for a period of one year (12 months). For the first months, the percentage infection ranges between 41.4% and 47.9%. Out of three fungi isolates (Botryodiplodia theobromae, Fusarium sp. and Marasmius pulcher) only M. pulcher produced the characteristic symptom observed in the field.


Farm size and resource use efficiency of selected farms in Kwara State of Nigeria

This paper examines resource use efficiency on small and large farms in Kwara State of Nigeria. Primary data were collected from 120 farmers who were selected using multistage random sampling method. The data were analyzed using descriptive and regression techniques. Results of the analysis revealed that farm size and fertilizer play major role in explaining variations in farm output. The marginal value product (MVP) of land, labour, purchased inputs, durable capital and fertilizer were positive and higher on large farms than on small farms.

Seasonal fluctuations in the population of Aleurodicus dispersus Russell (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on cassava plants in Benin City, Nigeria

Populations of the spiraling whitefly, Aleurodicus dispersus Russell (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae), were monitored on cassava plants in five sites in Benin City, Nigeria from February, 1999 to January, 2001 (24 months). The study revealed higher abundance of the whitefly on the mature and old leaves than the young ones. Since the distribution followed the same trend on all the sites, analysis of variance test on the data showed that the spatial distribution of whiteflies was not significantly different (P<0.05) from each other at P = 0.05 level. Periods of high population of A.

An ecological survey of Acridoid grasshoppers (Orthoptera) in the Niger-Delta region of Nigeria

An ecological survey of acridoid grasshoppers was conducted in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria from January to November 2001. A total of 34 taxa distributed in 3 families, 12 sub-families and 27 genera were encountered. The family Acrididae had the highest number of species (28), followed by pygomorphidae with 5 species. The family Tetrigidae was represented by only one species. Several species showed ecological plasticity and were found in all the locations while many others showed ecological restriction.